Arrive Kiev. In the evening, meet your fellow travelers and tour director for tour orientation. Rich historical heritage, controversial present and questionable future - Ukraine today is at the crossroads and you can see with your eyes how the history is being made here right now. Beautiful and peaceful countryside, lively cities, tasty meals, lots of cultural attractions, Ukraine has everything to surprise and please youth travelers!
According to legend, Kyiv was founded by three brothers Kyi, Shchek, and Khoryv and their sister Lybid as the center of the Polyan tribe and named in honor of the older brother in the middle of the 5th century AD. However, the exact date of the founding of Kyiv is not known. At the end of the 9th century, Askold and Dir, who were either the guardsmen of the Varangian Rurik or the descendants of Kyi, reigned in Kyiv. In 882, the town was conquered by a relative of Rurik, Novgorod prince Oleg, who moved his residence there. From this moment Kyiv became the capital of Kievan Rus, a federation of East Slavic tribes. In the beginning of the 11th century, according to the German Titmar Merseburgsky, Kyiv was a large town with 400 churches and 8 markets. Kyiv reached its “golden age” during the reign of Yaroslav the Wise in the middle of the 11th century. In the early 1070-ies, Adam Bremensky called it the rival of Constantinople. Kyiv remained the real political center of Kievan Rus, at least until the death of Vladimir Monomakh and his son Mstislav the Great (1132).