➤ Arrival in Komsomolsk-on-Amur
➤ Meet and greet at the train station
➤ Transfer to the hotel, check-in and rest
➤ The local museum // First City Builders’ Monument // Memorial Complex – “Eternal Flame” // Cathedral // GULAG monument // Gagarin Monument // Lenin Square & Lenin monument // the House with a spire
The location of exquisite natural beauty, this town was settled on a bend in the wide Amur River. Amur flows eastwards from the Siberian hinterland (where it delineates a large part of the border between Russia and China) turns north at Khabarovsk and empties into the Sea of Okhotsk. The riverfront could be pleasant enough in summer. But a more inhospitable environment for human settlement could hardly be imagined. The city has recorded temperatures ranging from 38o C in summer to –47o C in winter. Seven months of the year the town is under snow and ice.
Komsomolsk was a Stalinist industrial colony, an enterprise more akin to the tsarist colonization of Siberia than to socialist construction. However, when it was founded in 1932 it was promoted as a part of the grand project to build Soviet industry at an accelerated pace. This was the period of Stalin’s forced collectivization of agriculture and rapid industrialization, both carried through at a staggering human cost.