➤ Guided tour to the Moscow Kremlin, including the Cathedrals and the Armory
➤ The walking city tour in the downtowns: Red Square & St Basil's Cathedral, Lenin’s Mausoleum, GUM, the Bolshoi Theatre, KGB Headquarters and other highlights
➤ The Moscow metro tour
➤ The evening is free at leisure on the Arbat
➤ Optional activities: ice rink on the Red Square
The name "Kremlin" means "fortress inside a city", this construction had to protect the city from enemies. The Moscow Kremlin acquired the status of a sacral symbol representing the power of the great country. A holiday to Moscow is not complete without a visit to the Kremlin. Modern walls and towers of the Kremlin were constructed of red brick at the end of the 15th century. Now behind its walls, there are government buildings and a huge museum complex where thousands of artefacts telling about the history and the culture of Russia are stored. In 1990 both Red Square and the Moscow Kremlin were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Pokrovsky Cathedral, or St. Basil's Cathedral, is not just a church. It is a memorial temple constructed on Red Square in honour of the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. The main fight in which the Russian troops won a victory happened in the day of the Intercession of the Theotokos. So the temple was consecrated in honour of this Christian holiday. The cathedral consists of separate churches. Each of them is also consecrated in honour of holidays in which there were decisive fights for Kazan: Trinities, the Palm Sunday and others.
Red Square is a historical symbol of Moscow. The name of the square originated from the Russian word "Krasnaya" meaning "red" because it is related to the word "krasivaya" meaning "beautiful". The red square separates the Kremlin from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. Thousands of tourists come here not only from all corners of Russia but also from around the world.
Get to know the city by taking a metro ride to the place of your first visit. Metro is the fastest ways to get anywhere in this city and to avoid traffic jams. If you want to see the Bolshoi, it’s a good idea to book your tickets in advance!
The Moscow Metro was opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union. As of 2018, the Moscow Metro excluding the Moscow Central Circle and Moscow Monorail has 224 stations (255 with Moscow Central Circle) and its route length is 381 km (237 mi), making it the fifth-longest in the world. The system is mostly underground, with the deepest section 84 metres (276 ft) underground at the Park Pobedy station, one of the world's deepest. It's the busiest metro system in Europe, and a tourist attraction itself.