➤ Transfer to Murmansk and city tour
➤ Time for lunch
➤ Transfer to airport for your departure flight
➤ Or extend your stay with optional tours
We will adjust a city tour timing to fit your flight schedule. For instance, it can be arranged on day 1 if you arrive daytime and depart first half of the day. Murmansk is the largest city in the world north of the Arctic Circle. Founded in 1915 as a supply port in World War I, it was a base for the British, French, and American expeditionary forces against the Bolsheviks in 1918. We shall visit either the Naval Museum or the Historical Museum.
If open, visit the museum of ice-breaker “Lenin”, the first nuclear ice-breaker in the world! Murmansk played an important role as a Russian trade link with the Allies during the Second World War II. Various supplies were brought to the city with the help of the Arctic convoys. Murmansk was heavily damaged during the war. It was restored at the beginning of the 1950ies.
On October 4, 1916, Romanov-on-Murman was laid on the shores of the Kola Bay, renamed Murmansk after the October Revolution. By the way, this was the last city founded in the Russian Empire.
"And on the left hand of the Kola town, they went to the sea to look, they live Murman, Syrech - Norman, they are also Varangians, who in ancient times came and sailed from the city of Varda and lived with us robbed, which memory remained in the word - thieves, thieves. The abbot disputed: they say that the Normans, therefore, live in the ground holes (“nora”) live like animals: the reason for this is cold. And I say: this is not Murmas who live in burrows, and it is not because of the cold, but the small people shovel from fear, no matter how much our industrialists live it. You will not bite a Murman with a blunt tooth. " - From the story of Levontius Pomorets. The impetus for the early development of the bay was the First World War. Trying to get access to the Arctic Ocean through the only non-freezing strait at that time, Russia in 1915 determined a site for the development of a seaport on the right bank of the Kola Bay of the Barents Sea. His task was to ensure the unhindered delivery of military cargo of the Entente during the blockade of the Baltic and the Black Sea exits. During WWI, Murmansk was the main port in European Russia
During WWII, the help of the allies was invaluable. Of great importance were the supplies of military equipment and ammunition, food and strategic materials that our defense industry needed. In March 1941, a law was passed in the United States that granted the president the authority to transfer, exchange, rent, a loan or otherwise supply military materials or military information to the government of any country if its "defense against aggression is vital to the defense of the United States." This system is called Lend-Lease.
Need more ideas? Take an optional tour to visit super Deep Well - 3 (SDW-3) - full day tour while it's too light to see the Aurora. The Kola Superdeep Borehole is the result of a scientific drilling project of the Soviet Union in the Pechengsky District, near the Russian border with Norway, on the Kola Peninsula. The project attempted to drill as deep as possible into the Earth's crust. Here you will find the most incredible stories about the work of SDW-3 about voices from the depths that many have heard. The locals say that this is nothing but the "moans of the Earth," or even from the Underworld. The depth of the well is 12,262 m. They wanted to drill it up to 15 thousand meters! We assure you Murmansk is not boring at all. On the contrary, this city above the Arctic circle will unexpectedly surprise you with its amazing winter colors, rich history and warm hospitality. We will transfer you to the airport in time for your departure flight.
Today the territory where the SDW-3 stood is a sad sight - ruins and ruins, among which it is difficult to find the well itself. However, with our guide, who knows all the secrets of the SDW-3, as a former employee of SD-3 we will not miss it out. Return to the lodge by dinner - and another few hours of northern light hunt.
Alternatively, you may stay in the lodge and enjoy your Arctic experience with skiing, walking, hiking, and delicious local meals. Nearby ancient Kildinsky Lake is a great place for ice fishing. Hotel staff will take you to the lake by snowmobile, help drill the hole and teach you how to use special fishing rods for ice fishing. Talk to Discovery Russia travel experts to customize your stay.
More winter? We will take you to the shores of Kandalaksha Bay for a mini-hike on snowshoes to one of the hills. Make sure not to miss this adventure, stunning views on the Kandalaksha Bay and miracle snow-covered forest of fabulous trees which obtained such a bizarre shape due proximity of the sea and sea fog are pure highlights of Kola Peninsula.