➤Arrive Abakan airport in the morning. Meet & greet
➤Visit Grand Salbyk Kurgan, the largest scythes kurgan in South Siberia, 2500 y.o.б, also known as Valley of the Kings
➤Transfer to Kazanovka village (200 km)
➤ Khakass lunch
➤Touring Kazanovka village: trekking tour "Ancient Khakassia"
➤ Meet real shaman and see the kamlanye ceremony
➤ Dinner with traditional Khakass meals
➤ Overnight in a yurt
Welcome to Khakassia, land of Siberian legends and myths, rock paintings, unique national cuisine, mountaint spirits and endless steppes. Khakassia is full of historical and archaeological sites, and above all these are ancient mounds of the so-called Tagar culture (the name comes from Lake Tagarskoye, which is not far from the city of Minusinsk), whose age is three to four thousand years. The large territory of Khakassia is an open-air museum: numerous kerexurs, megaliths and mounds harmoniously fit into the mountain-steppe landscape. In neighboring Tuva, landscapes are supplemented by ancient Turkic stone warriors (VI century) and the ruins of Tibetan Buddhist temples. These are very ancient lands: the Scythians, goons, tagars, the Kyrgyz Khaganate, the Uygur Khaganate, the Turkic Khaganate, the Mongol Empire - many peoples and states left their mark here and the influence of their cultures is visible now.
About 70 km drive from Abakan, we willl find a thrilling Grand Salbyl Mound, the largest megalithic object of suc kind in Siberia. Grand Salbyk is a famous sacred, astronomical and architectural monument of the V-IV centuries BC. It strikes to comrehend that for two and a half millennia a grandiose mound has retained the geometric correctness of the shape, although the embankment has pretty much fallen. The secret is that the core and lining of the mound were competently composed of turf briquettes with a solution of finely washed clay material. When erected, the mound was a pyramid up to 30 meters high, surrounded by a stone fence measuring 70 by 70 meters!
Measured by size, Grand Salbyk compares Stonehenge, and if we take into account the labor spent to erect it, Grand Salbyk supremes it. However, it became possibel to restore Stonehenge and on the opposite, the Khakass mound was disassembled. All currently known materials indicate that the Tagar military-territorial union in the VI century BC created an original state of the Middle Yenisei and Prishulym tribes, called Dinlin Go in the ancient Chinese chronicles.
That vertically standing blocks reached weight of 60 tons and were brought here from the shore of Yenisei, hundreds of kilometers away. It is still unclea how the ... Scientists say that the Mengirs (as the Khakass call these plates) put on the border with the "Holy Land." Why, also unknown. Today, anomalies of the geomagnetic field are constantly observed in this area. And all you see miles around is an incredibly beautiful steppe.
The main attractions of the museum are petroglyphs - rock images. There are more than one and a half thousand drawings here! Despite the fact that all scribes are made at different times, in different techniques, in content they reveal one topic - the history of the origin of religious ideas on Khakass land - images of ancestors, spirits, tribal signs, rites, etc.
Shamanism is a traditional system of beliefs and rites to interact with spirits. Shamanism is not just a belief in spirits and contacts with them, it is a doctrine of ways of harmonious being of man among other beings. The shaman plays a crucial role in the life of society - the success of fishing, migrations, the personal life of fellow tribesmen from birth to death, the observance of the continuity of generations, as well as a fundamental understanding of the universe and the meaning of life depends on him.
During Soviet times, shamanism was nearly eliminated in Khakassia and ha only started to revive at the beginning of 1990ies. Today, you will not only meet a real Siberian shaman, but will also have a chance to get a blessing for a good journey and see the kamlanye ceremony. In the evening, taste local meals. Overnight in a real yurt (WC outside).
Tonight, we will learn how to cook talkan, most famous local dish. You will find it in any local nomadic culture: Khakass, Tuvans, Mongols, Altai, Nogais, Bashkirs, Buryats, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Uzbeks and others.
Talcan is prepared from barley, wheat grains and is a versatile product - it can be used as a light breakfast, as a quick lunch or as a healthy dinner. Talgan normalizes the bowel, promotes the reproduction of lactic acid bacteria and, as a result, increases the body's immunity, thanks to the presence of a large amount of plant fibers, clears from slags, toxins. Maybe it's one of the secrets of SIberian people's long and healthy life without medical care?